Planning to travel to Central America and worried about earthquakes? They are so common in this part of the world so it’s very likely that you will experience one, probably just a small one. If like me, you are from a country that does not have earthquakes then, like me, you may be clueless what to do. In this post, I’m going to talk you through a few facts and what to do if it’s a serious earthquake.
I’m from England we don’t have Earthquakes
A few nights ago I was woken up at around 1 am because my house was moving. Once I’d come to a little I realized this must be an earthquake. Being from the UK I had never experienced one before. I’ve been in Guatemala for a few months now and I’ve felt a few tremors. Although sometimes this has been from the volcano’s erupting rather than an actual earthquake. But this was different. Firstly everything was shaking pretty violently and secondly, it lasted for a very long time.
What not to do in an Earthquake
So what did I do? Nothing, I just went back to sleep. Which I now know was a bit silly of me. But being British and not wanting to overreact I figured this was normal and as the house was still standing I’d be safe. I didn’t even think about aftershocks…
Turns out when I spoke to people the next day, this earthquake was 7.1 (this is bad) and it was something to worry about. Also, it wasn’t the only one that night… This was just one of 27 earthquakes in Guatemala over a 24 hour period. Of those 27 recorded 11 of them were over 4 and 4 over 5.
Realizing my naivety I thought I had best do some research on earthquakes and learn what I should do if/ when this happens again.
What is an earthquake?
I’m not a geologist. So if you want a proper explanation than taking a read of this from some science people who know what they are talking about. But in brief easy to understand terms an earthquake is sudden rolling or shaking of the ground that happens along fault lines when they ‘slip’ past each other. They can’t be predicted and the can be felt miles away from the fault line.
Why is Central America (especially Guatemala) so prone to Earthquakes?
You only have to read up on the history of Guatemalan cities like Antigua (where I’m currently living) to see how prone to earthquakes. Antigua has been devastated by an earthquake more than once. According to some sources, it has a huge earthquake every 50 years…the last one was in 1976. It was a 7.5 (only .3 more than the one I experienced) and it was the most deadly earthquake in history with around 25,000 deaths recorded. Antigua, Guatemala City, and Quetzaltenango are all situated on the Montagua and Chixoy-Polochic fault complex this cuts right across Guatemala and forming the boundary between the North American Tectonic Plate and the Caribbean tectonic plate.
Just take a look at the map below and you can see how many fault lines are in this small area. It’s no wonder earthquakes are so common.
What makes a difference is how close to the earth’s surface they are. The closer they are the worse it is. The deeper they are the less effect we feel. So although the earthquake I experienced was a 7.1 it was pretty deep so the effects were minimal.
What to do in an Earthquake?
So now you might know a little bit more about what an earthquake is. But what do you do when one happens? For some really comprehensive guidance check out this website. Or keep reading for a summary.
- As soon as you feel the earthquake you should go to ground and if you can get underneath something like a table or desk to protect yourself from falling objects.
- If there is nothing that you can get under to protect you get on the ground and crawl to the safest place in the room away from things that could fall on you.
- Stay in a safe place protecting your head with your arms until the shaking has stopped. Do not try and get outside or to a door.
- If (like I was) you are in bed, you should stay there and cover your head with a pillow.
- If you are outside move away from buildings, lamp posts or anything that could fall on you. Drop to the ground, cover your head and hold on!
- Once the earthquake stops you need to leave the building you are in and get to a clear open space (not just go back to sleep like I did…oops!).
- If you are trapped, don’t move or kick up dust. If you have your phone close then call for help.
- Once you are safe to check local news for updates and advice. And be ready to “Drop, Cover, and Hold on” if there is an aftershock. Which is very likely (I slept right on through that one…).
How to prepare for an Earthquake
The best way to prepare for an earthquake is to download an Earthquake app on your smartphone and check it regularly.
Sleep with your phone close to you, just in case. I know this isn;t great advice as smartphones can fry your brain haha, but maybe turn it off at night if you are worried. I also have a whistle that I keep close by.
Another good habit to get into is checking your accommodation for a safe place to take cover and an emergency exit route. This way if something does happen then you already have a plan that you have thought through.
OK, so the day after I wrote this post last week we had a second earthquake! This one was a 6.9. But it felt so much worse to me. It happened at 6:30 am and luckily I was up and about. I had to catch a 7 am bus that morning.
I was in the kitchen making breakfast when all of a sudden everything started to shake. It began slowly but got intense very quickly.This time knowing what I should do I grabbed for my coffee (very important) and ran for the door. Holding on to the TV with one hand and my coffee with the other I crouched down in the corner of the room close to the door away from anything that could fall on me.
I must admit I was pretty shaken up by this one. Maybe it’s because I now know the potential danger, which I didn’t the first time. Or maybe it’s because I wasn’t in bed half asleep. I’m not sure but I was pretty scared. Once it was all over I went outside and chatted with the neighbors, we were all outside waiting for the aftershock (like a true Brit).
I’m now safely in Tzununa in Lake Atitlan where the sun has been shining ever since.
I really hope this post is helpful for any other travelers like me who are a little clueless about earthquakes. Remember, don’t roll over and go back to sleep haha.